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Saturday, August 14, 2010

J-K Flip-Flop

The J-K flip-flop is the most versatile of the basic flip-flops. It has the input- following character of the clocked D flip-flop but has two inputs,traditionally labeled J and K. If J and K are different then the output Q takes the value of J at the next clock edge.

If J and K are both low then no change occurs. If J and K are both high at the clock edge then the output will toggle from one state to the other. It can perform the functions of the set/reset flip-flop and has the advantage that there are no ambiguous states. It can also act as a T flip-flop to accomplish toggling action if J and K are tied together. This toggle application finds extensive use in binary counters.

J-K Flip-Flop Structure:

A simplified version of the versatile J-K flip-flop. Note that the outputs feed back to the enabling NAND gates. This is what gives the toggling action when J=K=1.

Switching : J-K Flip-Flop:

The positive going transition (PGT) of the clock enables the switching of the output Q. The "enable" condition does not persist through the entire positive phase of the clock. The J & K inputs alone cannot cause a transition, but their values at the time of the PGT determine the output according to the truth table. This is an application of the versatile J-K flip-flop.

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